Basic Dimensions for Your Outdoor Projects

Dimensions are the basic numbers you need before starting any major outdoor project. Whether you are designing a driveway, sidewalk, retaining wall or pond, you need to know the correct dimensions to begin buying materials and outlining your installation. Here are some basic dimensions to help you with some common outdoor projects to ensure you get started on the right foot.

Driveways and Entry Gates

How wide should your driveway be and how much space do you need for an entry gate? It may depend on your needs. Here are some of the typical widths for driveways and entry gates:

  • Single car driveways should be about 9-12 feet wide
  • Double car driveways should be about 20-24 feet wide
  • Entry gates should be at least 32 feet wide
  • Parking stalls should be 10’ x 20’

Retaining Walls

If you are building a retaining wall to secure a hillside, standard size is usually 3-4 feet in height. This can include about 6” of paver or rock for the front façade and about 12” of compacted backfill in between the façade and native soil.


You want to make sure garden or koi ponds are deep enough to prevent freezing and can sustain fish. Most will need to be at least 3 feet deep to accomplish these goals.


When building walkways, you want to ensure they are wide enough to comfortably accommodate foot traffic. Walkways should always be at least 18” wide, with 24-30” as a standard width for a single person, 36-48” for flagstone or double-wide paths.

Knowing the right dimensions is important to ensure your project is functional. Your local landscaper can help you determine the best sizes for your needs if you need to go larger than the standard dimensions.

Posted on behalf of:
Landscape Innovations
215 Rebecca Ct
Fayetteville, GA 30215
(770) 616-3194

Making Your Own Garden Pond

Having a pond in your yard or garden offers an attractive source for both plants and animals to get fresh water, and they can be aesthetically pleasing for humans as well. Making your own pond involves some work up front, but the effort can be worth it. You can even make your own pond, if you plan ahead carefully and follow through to the end.

First, mark out the pond shape that you want. You can use rope, a length of string, or other ways to mark out the pond shape before you start digging. This is mostly for your own benefit, since wildlife cares more about how clean the water is. You can make a pond that is ‘natural or ‘formal’ and it just depends on what looks good in your garden.

Don’t dig your pond very deep, no more than a couple of feet in the deep areas, and try to keep about 50% of your pond as shallow area. You don’t need to dig down especially deep unless you’re creating a fish ponds. Don’t worry about your pond freezing solid unless you’re living in an area where it becomes very, very cold for extended periods. Most wildlife prefers shallow waters, like tadpoles.

Before laying down a rubber liner, buy some underlay to provide insulation between the liner and the ground. Underlay can be bought from a home improvement store or garden center, just make sure you buy enough to lay down a double layer. Also make sure to remove any sharp or large stones.

As a last note, don’t use tap water to fill your yard pond. If you’re patient, waiting for rain water to fill the pond is an option, or you can collection rainwater in bins and buckets.